Discovery Call 101 | The Essential Guide


Master the art of the discovery call with time-tested best practices and tips. 

You did it: you successfully scheduled a call with a lead. Whether you arrived at this point through a cold call or a referral or a marketing effort, you managed to secure a time slot in the busy schedule of a potential client. Now what?  

As it turns out, this first call is crucial to setting the stage for your deal and managing future expectations. This is your chance to connect with your prospect and to leave a strong positive impression. 

What is a discovery call?

The discovery call is the first call you have with a prospect after they express interest. The primary purpose of this conversation is to identify whether the prospect is a good fit for you and your business. In other words, your objective is to qualify (or disqualify!) a buyer.

Go into a discovery call with the intent to discover. Imagine yourself as a doctor trying to diagnose a patient. Rather than prescribing medication right off the bat, you should seek to uncover their problems and needs.

In a discovery call, you’ll have the opportunity to ask questions and learn more about your buyer: who they are, what role they play in their organization, what pain points or needs they have, and what their goals are.

Sample target audiences for larger enterprises: EMEA and Americas. Image courtesy of Aviso product and design team.

A great call begins by building rapport and identifying whether the solution you provide fits into your prospect’s needs. It’s important to nail these questions down first before you move into talking about your solution, or else you might be wasting your time or worse, risk ruining the relationship before it’s even begun.

Sounds daunting? Don’t worry. With a little bit of preparation, discovery calls can be simple and straightforward.

Below, I’ve listed an essential roadmap with the 3 steps to follow in order to streamline your discovery calls, including a pre-call checklist and examples of discovery call questions. Let’s get started!


The 3 Steps to Execute a Rock-solid Discovery Call

Step 1. Research your prospect.

Preparing for your discovery call is half the battle. Each prospect is unique, and it’s important to tailor your approach to each client in order to best optimize your upcoming conversation.

Start by setting out 10-15 minutes to scope out your lead. Here, you’ll want to identify a “hook” — a point of common interest or connection that hits the three Rs: Real, Relatable, and Relevant.

Whether you share a love for travel or a mutual friend, your aim should be to establish an authentic connection built on trust. More than anything, your prospect wants to know they can rely on you to deliver on your promises.

Tap into the wealth of information available on the Internet. A quick search on Google, LinkedIn or Twitter can provide a lot of insight into your prospect’s personal values and interests.

Likewise, make sure to skim through their company’s About Us page, PR, blog articles, and associated social media to get a sense of the company’s organizational structure and overarching goals.

Take a look into your CRM and customer reporting tools to see what information is already available. Review any previous interactions you might have had with your lead, such as emails or recorded conversations.

Keep your eyes peeled for red flags that might disqualify your prospect. Recognizing that your lead is not a good fit is equally important and can save you valuable time and effort.

Here are several pre-call questions to answer as you conduct your research:

Sample discovery call prep checklist. Jennifer Wang.

Step 2. Plan out your discovery strategy.

Use what you learned in your 10-minute research session to help you to create an effective outline for your conversation.

The next step is to structure a discovery call agenda. Go into the discovery call with a clear vision of what you’re hoping to accomplish within the timeframe of the call and lay out a path with talking points and questions that will help you achieve this goal.

You can tailor this structure to fit your needs and your client. Using a discovery call agenda, you can develop a script for each section and customize it to fit your own style.

Five-point discovery call model. Image courtesy of Aviso design team.

A typical discovery call will follow this basic structure:

  • Introductions
  • Expectations
  • Discovery
  • Solution
  • Next steps


Let’s walk through each of these sections individually.

Start with introductions. The first few minutes of your discovery call are crucial. In this section, your goal is to build rapport and set the tone.

Introduce yourself, your company, your role, and your solution’s value proposition in 20-30 seconds. Here’s where you can also use your “hook” to establish your connection with the prospect and to reassure them that you are trustworthy, reliable, and worth their time.

Set expectations. Manage expectations by explaining to the prospect how you intend for the discovery call to unfold. You want for the prospect to understand that this initial meeting is for you to learn about the prospect and their needs.  

Some best practices include:

  • Sharing your objectives for the meeting
  • Outlining several main points
  • Touching on future actions (e.g., “I’ll follow up with an email after our discussion today.”)

Dive into discovery. It’s time to dive into the heart of the matter: learning about your prospect’s needs and goals. Prepare a general list of questions that focus on qualifying/disqualifying the buyer. 

Don’t know where to begin? Here’s a sample checklist of discovery call questions:

    1. Tell me about your company. 
    2. What are some of the main responsibilities of your role?
    3. What projects are you currently working on? What is your goal for these projects?
    4. How does it impact you or your company if you are unable to reach this goal?
    5. Do you have an assigned budget for this project? 
    6. Have you made similar purchases in the past?
    7. What are some challenges you’re facing?
    8. How are you handling these challenges?
    9. How do you see our solution fitting in your process?
    10. What options are you considering?

You’ll want to pay close attention to your prospect’s tone of voice and what they say, and consider what this might mean for the deal. 

For instance, if your prospect tells you that a higher-up is responsible for the budget, you might be speaking to the wrong person.

Discovery call talk duration. Image courtesy of Aviso product and design team.

Remember also that a discovery call should be a two-way dialogue. As a rule of thumb, a good talk-to-listen ratio is 50:50. Don’t just grill your prospect with a never-ending list of questions!

Share your solution. After you’ve qualified your lead and are satisfied with the information you’ve acquired, you can move on to discussing your solution.

Many discovery calls will include a soft sell– a low-pressure explanation of your product or service, often accompanied by FAQs, objections, and customer case studies. Here’s why a hard sell doesn’t work.

Most importantly, you should touch on the needs and pain points of your prospect. 

Why should they care about your product or service? 

Align your solution with a challenge they mentioned earlier in the conversation. Address any potential objections and share success stories from clients similar to your prospect.

Proceed with next-steps. Wrap up your discovery call with a shared understanding of what will happen next.


Leave off future actions for a second interaction. Depending on the information you’ve gained, you might want to schedule a second call to conduct a demo or discuss personalized pricing. If you find that your prospect is not a good fit for your business, you could let them know that you’ll reach out with a follow-up email later.

Notification example for discovery call next steps. Image courtesy of Aviso product and design team.

Step 3. Keep an open mind.

Congrats! You’ve done your research, filled out your agenda, and now you’re geared up to nail the discovery call. Finally, it’s time to meet your prospect.

The key to success here is flexibility. Go with the flow — it’s okay to break script and ask questions you feel are relevant to the discovery call.

Here are some tips for an effective conversation:

  • Ask open-ended questions. Leave room for your prospect to expand on their answers. If they’re giving one-word replies, prompt them with a statement such as “Tell me about ___.”
  • Listen and empathize. People like to be heard. Pay attention to what your prospect says, validate their emotions, and offer up your own thoughts in response. 
  • Ask for feedback. It’s good practice to ask your prospect how they feel about the conversation and if they have any questions. Here’s your chance to clear up any lingering confusion or misunderstandings.
  • Keep an open mind. Sometimes, after all of your preparation, things don’t go as planned — and that’s alright! You’ll leave the conversation having learned from the experience.
  • Leave a positive impression. As you conclude your discovery call, remind your prospect of the benefits of your solution. Let the prospect know that you enjoyed the conversation and that you’re eager to work with them again.

Sentiment analysis for each speaker of the discovery call. Image courtesy of Aviso product and design team.

About Aviso AI

Aviso is the AI compass that guides sales and go-to-market teams to close more deals, accelerate growth, and find their Revenue True North. Aviso delivers revenue intelligence to drive informed team-wide actions and course-corrections. We offer precise guidance so that sellers and teams can avoid the fog of CRM and optimize their sales process with predictive AI.

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